The deadline that applies depends on the program(s) you are participating in:
- CDP climate change program: 30 June 2016;
- CDP climate change and CDP supply chain programs: 30 June 2016 for the climate change module (core and optional modules as appropriate) and 28 July 2016 for the supply chain module.
Companies should report on the most recent 12-month period for which data is available.
Question CC0.2 of the 2016 information request asks companies to state the reporting year that applies to their response. Please see the 2016 guidance document for information on this question. At this point CDP does not require companies to align their reporting year with their fiscal year. When organizations are reporting emissions intensity using a financial metric, however, the emissions information and the financial information provided should align with the reporting year defined in CC0.2.
For the sake of transparency, CDP asks that first-time responders report three years of emissions data prior to their current reporting period. Please see page fourteen of the climate change guidance document under CC0.2: reporting year.
The growing demand for reliable data drives the importance of verification. Whilst verification is not currently a requirement, it is encouraged through the CDP scoring methodology with a noteworthy percentage of the scores allocated to verification.
Details on CDP’s verification requirements, guidance and resources in form of papers and recorded webinars, can be found at
If you are in a sector which automatically receives one of the sector modules (see
All responses to investor requests are immediately made available to
The data that you submit as part of your CDP climate change response is used by multiple stakeholders in a number of different ways. Depending on how you submit your response, either publicly or non-publicly, your data will reach them in a diverse array of formats.
If you submit your response non-publicly, your response itself can only be viewed by
Your entire response should apply to all your operations that fall within the reporting boundary (CC8.1) that have not been reported as an exclusion in CC8.4.
Therefore the correct route to take depends on these questions:
- Are the (proposed new facilities/plants/sites etc.) within your reporting boundaries already? (question CC8.1) If Yes, you may include it normally in the same response for 2016;
- Are there any (facilities/plants/sites etc.) that were also missing that should also be reported as exclusions? If Yes, then you should report all these as exclusions in CC8.4 in your response.
Identifying the most appropriate and accurate emissions factors is one of the more challenging issues in GHG accounting as emissions factors vary with the precise nature of the material involved. Therefore, it is beyond the scope of CDP's work to provide advice on specific factors and how they should be applied.
The GHG Protocol encourages companies to calculate their own emissions factors based on specific materials used and processes adopted. When this is not possible, companies should refer to emissions factors published by governmental and other bodies such as the EPA in the US, DEFRA in the UK and the IEA. Companies may also find it useful to refer to emissions factor databases compiled by organizations offering carbon calculation services. In this case, for additional advice on emissions factors, companies could speak to one of CDP’s carbon calculation partners.
According to the GHG Protocol’s Scope 3 standard (page 62): "Scope 1, Scope 2, and Scope 3 inventories include only emissions, not removals. Any removals (e.g., biological GHG sequestration) may be reported separately from the scopes". In accordance with this approach, we ask that in your CDP response you report emissions as gross figures, without reductions or sequestration taken into account. This applies whether the CO2 remains within the consolidation boundary or has been transferred outside it. This information can be included in the "Further information" fields in the questionnaire. Please note that this information will not be scored, but it will be made visible to investors and other data users viewing the response.
Equally, removals should not be reported as emissions reduction activities because question CC3.3 refers to activities that reduce the company’s Scope 1, Scope 2 or Scope 3 emissions which, again, do not account for removals.
However, if the sequestration has led to the origination of offset credits, these can be reported in answer to CC13.2 and may be eligible for points.
Companies already responding to an investor-led CDP program (climate change, water or forests) that subsequently receive a supply chain request do not have to complete again any elements they have already answered.
The supply chain elements for climate change and water do contain additional questions, but on submission of the investor-led responses your answers to CC1-15 and W1-10 will automatically be copied over into the response you submit to the supply chain program.
You will be required to save the introduction section for supply chain, ticking the appropriate boxes to copy over your existing response(s), complete the then proceed to submit.
Please do note the earlier deadline of 30 June 2016 for the investor-led programs, though your supply chain response may be submitted up to 28 July 2016.
To find more information on submitting multiple requests please see our step-by-step guide on the guidance pages.
CDP is an international not-for-profit organization providing the only global environmental disclosure system. These insights enable investors, companies and governments to mitigate risks from the use of energy and natural resources and identify opportunities from taking a responsible approach to the environment. This provides a platform for a responding company to demonstrate their current actions and achievements and is also a means to spotlight any future plans.
To facilitate ease of reporting for companies, CDP provides one standardized request that enables one response to be delivered to numerous investors or customers. This minimizes effort and maximizes reach on the part of the respondent. Many companies who are new to the process particularly find value in the structure of the questionnaire. Whilst they may not yet have any measured emissions data to provide, working through each section can help a company create their own internal strategies and systems, providing a framework for their climate change policies and actions.
For more information on responding to CDP’s climate change questionnaire, see our climate change program page.